Unknown Hong Kong-based company to restart An-225 production in China?

According to a press release put out by Ukraine-based Antonov on 30 August, a two-part “cooperation agreement” was reached with a Chinese company identified as “Aerospace Industry Corporation of China (AICC)” to resume production of the An-225 Mriya (of which only one has been built to-date). Noting that “both stages would be implemented individually,” Antonov said the first phase would be final assembly of a second An-225 in Ukraine. For the future, the two companies agreed to consider serial production of the An-225 in China.

What a monster! Photo Slava Stephanov

But how likely are we to see an An-225 roll off a Chinese production line in the near future?

We begin with a brief history on the An-225 Mriya. The six-engine aircraft designed to transport Soviet-era spacecraft measures 84 meters long, and 18 meters high with a maximum payload capacity of 253 tonnes. Outside of spacecraft transport, the unit has since found a new life in worldwide charter services operated by Antonov Airlines.

Returning to Antonov’s new agreement with AICC, producing a second unit in Ukraine seems doable, especially if, as Antonov has in the past claimed, the company already possess many of the key components needed. Although production of the goliath aircraft has been idled since 1988, Antonov officials say they already have a nearly finished fuselage, wings and tail as well as a prototype unit with other components. Whether AICC wishes to operate the second unit in charter service, or sell it to another entity remains to be disclosed, but the pieces of that second aircraft may just come together.


The fuselage of the second АN−225 at ANTONOV Company’s production facility.

As for a ‘made-in-China’ An-225, much of that rests on Antonov’s Chinese partner, the identity of which leaves much to the imagination.

Unfinished business: Antonov’s second An-225.

What exactly is Aerospace Industry Corporation of China (as Antonov called it)? “AICC” bears great resemblance to the state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), which could conceivably finance and take-on such a project. However, it is not AVIC claiming involvement in the project, but rather Hong Kong-based Airspace Industry Corporation of China. While it is often difficult to recognize the nuances of Chinese business names translated into English, even Chinese media cannot seem to fully grasp the identify of this company which has been called “mysterious,” “confusing,” and “impossible to unravel.”

Will the second An-225 ever be completed?

AICC’s own website, Baidu Encyclopedia (the Chinese Google’s version of Wikipedia), and businesses registries in mainland China all offer contradicting reports as to the company’s true identity. On its website, AICC claims it was “established in 2010 with a registered capital of 500 million Hong Kong dollars, is a general aviation airport construction, environmental technology, electronic intelligence, import and export trade, all-in-one modern enterprise.” On Baidu, AICC appears to be mainly involved in airport construction, “having already participated in the construction of 60 airports since 2001, with successful bids to do work on 80 civil airports over the next five years.” A search for AICC in mainland China turns up almost nothing, though there was a private company founded in Hong Kong not in 2010 as AICC’s website claimed, but in 2012.

Identity aside, AICC has surfaced in other reports for its newly-formed cooperative agreements with Sichuan’s Luzhou municipal government, as well as the city-level government of Guigang, to setup a production base for the An-225. But as the Observer (translated from Guanchazhe) notes, “neither Luzhou, Sichuan nor Guigang, Guangxi have any known aircraft manufacturing experience.” Technical prowess aside, both regions lack the infrastructure required to bring in the components necessary to make the aircraft. In fact, it seems there exists only one cargo aircraft large enough to transport An-225 components. Any guesses as to what it might be?
Regardless of the An-225 Mryia’s future, one unit does fly, and it is stunning to watch. Here’s a video of the aircraft landing in the UK:

Lastly, we encourage you to join us at the Cargo Facts Symposium in Miami, 10 – 12 October, where senior executives from major carriers and lessors, and manufacturers will address the question of how current and future aircraft needs. To register, or for more information, go to CargoFactsSymposium.com.

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